Social Media In the Classroom [UPDATE]

Schools should educate kids about the world around them even if the kids get there first.

Instead of dismissing social media as distracting or destructive, schools should embrace it as an essential part of the curriculum. Not only does this limit the potential for students to abuse the technology, but it opens a new set of valuable educational tools. Source: 4 Tips for Integrating Social Media Into the Classroom | Mashable.com

Dangers in the virtual world like bullying, pornography, reputation, predators, or viruses,  are just as real out in the real world. I think teaching them how to play nice and be smart on all Internet activities should be integral to classroom curricula.

UPDATE:

On a more positive note, I kept my eyes peeled for other information about social media in the classroom and behold more stuff dropped on my desktop from the Twitterverse and beyond. I learned a new word, pedagogy, or method of teaching. I found stuff like a plethora of YouTube videos about Twitter in the classroom, tweets about videos that explain things in plain English, blogs about social media in higher education.

Source: The Twitter Experiment – UT Dallas | YouTube.com

I like what she says at the end, “It’s going to be messy, but messy doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s going to be bad.” I think that means, students might use bad grammar in Twitter, they might not like going from 1000 word papers to Twitter and back, but the important thing is that they communicate their thoughts. If their thoughts are closely related to the subject being thought, then mission accomplished. In other words, the important thing is the message not the delivery mechanism.

I think the reverse is true too. How you get the message to the students brain can be important. We know that students learn in different ways at different speeds. If a student can watch and remember a YouTube video about a school subject, and then tweet comments about it, then why not try that method; the school might even save money.

I re-found the blog, Social Media in Higher Education, which is one professor’s views about using social media in college classrooms. I won’t go into detailed description of his site, but suffice it to say he is trying to quantify what others are discovering by doing – that is using social media in a classroom has merit. There are caveats and benefits to this new mode of teaching.

Note-to-self: Likes are the new links. We can use facebook’s “Like” buttons on any content.

Gap Between Mainstream Media and the Social Web

Although blogs cover many of the same topics, the study found that bloggers tend to focus on more ideological and emotional stories — particularly those concerning human rights, like access to healthcare services or privacy on Facebook — and often with a personal or partisan angle. Bloggers also like to make a story out of “off-beat” or “buried” items in mainstream media coverage. Source: Huge Gap Remains Between Mainstream Media and the Social Web [REPORT] | Mashable.com.

You think… I’m one of the “off-beat” and “buried.” (Such violent metaphoric language.)

I just realized that I don’t have a “mainstream media” category. To me it’s all media: web and print and broadcast floods our world every day and we might consume 1% of it. If 99% of bloggers get their information from mainstream, and mainstream goes payware, what will happen to bloggers? I think they continue to seek free sources until there is none, at which time we’ll make up our own news from observation of our world. I think a lot of bloggers are already doing this. They add commentary on mainstream sources, but they also report what they observe; issues important to them. I also think if all mainstream media dried up behind the paywall then there would be fewer blogs. But so what. I blog to record my thoughts. I get news from broadcast, from the web and occasional from print. If I see or hear something that peeks my interest I blog about it.

It also suggests that if traditional news companies want to succeed online — that is, if they want to attract a large number of page views and be relevant to users on the web — they may need to alter their content to match readers’ interests.

Well, I for one, don’t what to read about RayWilliamJohnson on NYTimes.com or see what @justinbieber is doing on CNN TV. I think consumers keep the gap between mainstream media and social media for a reason: they fulfill different needs. I watch CNN TV  read NYTimes.com for world news. I watch YouTube videos because they’re funny or educational. I use Twitter to stay connected to people. At the end of the day I blog my thoughts about what these other media are saying.

Students Sans (Social) Media – UPDATED

According to a new ICMPA study, most college students  are not just unwilling, but functionally unable to be without their media links to the world. Source: A Day Without Media | http://withoutmedia.wordpress.com.

Knowing this, should we, as programmers, promote this behavior by writing applications that enable easy-to-publish, multi-modal content? Currently, I’m under pressure to  (or let a CMS) produce content in at least 4 modes. All of these modes are easily available through browsers, phones or mobile devices. As a programmer of multi-modal content, sometimes I feel like I provide the path to a media-addicted future.

I suppose we could play devil’s advocate for a minute and say, “if that’s where their focus lies, that’s where we need to go.” I can agree with this because I think the battle is lost if you want to fight media and make kids read paper books and go to class rooms and write with wooden pencils. That is so 20th century to them – and most of them have no concept of the 20th century.

Now, on the other hand, what if social media is not only harmful (addictive), but it can actually lowers communications skills. Is it worth risking addiction to a mind-numbing medium to test, challenge or enlighten students?

“I defend to the highest possible level that today’s youth are not addicted to social media and networking, the Web, and online media,” Mr. Whittaker wrote. “We do spend far more time on Facebook and accessing the Web for leisure use and socializing, but that is part of the natural progression of tertiary, noncompulsory education socialization.” Source: Students Denied Social Media Go Through Withdrawal | The Chronicle of Higher Education

This last quote brings up another issue entirely, health of modern, media-addicted children. It is impossible to ‘facebook’ (a new verb) or watch TV or do any media related activity when you are outside riding your bike or skating or playing. Kids are getting obese and unhealthy at an alarming rate. They’ve taken the lifestyle of ‘couch potato’ to a whole new level. But that kiddies, is for another blog – go out and play, DVR your TV program, tell your Facebook fans you’ll out live them.

Social Media Effects On Student Writing

In September I wrote a blog about Twitter’s influence on writing. In March, an article was published in the Texas A&M school news paper, The Battalion, that checked the belief that grammatical errors have increased because of social media outlets.

Texas A&M University Writing Center Executive Director Valeria Balester says it does not have an effect….”Any teachers who are assuming [errors] are increasing don’t have any evidence for that. It’s just anecdotal,” Balester said. Source: Facebook Affects Student Writing | The Battalion.

I still hold to my belief that writing style (not necessarily grammar) and communications in general have changed because of social media. The article goes on to say that kids today are schizophrenic writers (my term): they write one way in social media outlets and another way for formal papers/class assignments. That is interesting. Now I want to know how are they going to write at their jobs? Will they use the formal style or the informal?

The article also mentioned that one difference with writing today compared to 20 years ago is that students don’t care as much about making errors – either in the formal writing or social writing. That could be some of the difference I’ve noticed. The errors mentioned are grammatical like wrong word choice. They use spell check but they don’t use grammar check correctly or the grammar check isn’t smart enough to distinguish the plethora of homonyms in the English language.

The biggest difference I’ve noticed is the “dumbing down” of writing: smaller words and a shrinking vocabulary.

Twitter is faster than natural disasters

The comic strip,  xkcd: Seismic Waves, echoes what was buzzing around Twitter on Easter Sunday, April 4, 2010. Tweets from people in/near the epicenter where arriving at places before the shaking began. Now that is powerful communication.

People also turned to Twitter for pictures of damage.

We turned to Twitter for a closer look at the earthquake’s impact on the communities along the Pacific. These photos of the damage in Mexicali and other locales were shared via Twitter and TwitPic this afternoon by people who experienced the earthquake first-hand. Source: Mexicali Earthquake Photos | Mashable.

A Review of Socialnomics

Socialnomics

Reading Socialnomics by Erik Qualman (Twitter: @equalman) made me think – both pro and con – about his examples and anecdotes. I’m writing this review to share some of my anecdotes and thoughts that I remembered while reading this book. I hope my thoughts can enlighten someone about social media the same way Socialnomics enlightened me. Qualman wrote a good book. He has a lot of ideas on the economics behind social media and how it will affect us in the future.

As this review grew I began thinking of patterns. What were the categories for what I was reading? I came up with 3 basic categories: Trust, Influence and Economics. I also remembered ideas about a new web grammar from a conference I attended in March 2009. I preface my review with an outline of the possible new web grammar.

Preface

After reading Socialnomics I starting seeing patterns I remembered from a talk given at SXSW 2009. Dan Willis’ presentation, “Everything You Know About Web Design Is Wrong,” outlined a possible new web grammar:

  • ambient awareness – a collection of works by someone defines them like “thousands of dots make a pointillist painting”
  • user-created context – “Web experiences come down to a single user and the context they create as they find their own way to the satisfaction of their goals.”
  • random voyeurism – “Humans have a proclivity for watching other humans, especially at their most private moments.”
  • self aware (but uncontrollable) content – mashups are a natural reaction to increasingly available content which causes a “shift in power from author to reader and from authority to popularity”
  • experiential content – content becomes experience. The page, image, audio, video or posting the review are part of the interaction of experience and that is the content

I can see how these apply to all web communication especially social media. After I started writing this review I realized that socialnomics – the economics of social media – was indirectly an outline of how social media can capitalize on this new grammar. So, as you read, I challenge you to make the connections between the new web grammar and the economics of social media.

Trust

In an example in chapter 1, “Idaho Bloggers Are Better than New York Reporters,” a blogger from Idaho has inside knowledge of a senator who is involved in a drunken car-accident. A reporter from New York, writing this story for a large newspaper’s web-site, does some research on the Internet and finds history about the senator in of all places – the blogger’s web site. The reporter goes to Idaho to do more research, interviews, etc., and write the story. Qualman says this example, “demonstrates the availability of free, great content on the Web and the fact that some of the most qualified people to write a story are bloggers.” (p. 17)

In my experience, most amateur bloggers write opinions and/or myths. They might have a few verifiable facts, but for the most part they fill their blogs with what they think and what they want to write about. So, if I read a blog about a senator charged with drunk driving, I would probably try to corroborate it with a source I trust, like the New York Times or CNN. One cannot deny that major newspapers and television news networks still hold influence when it comes to reporting “important” news. On the other hand, if CNN learned about the story from a local blogger, then my theory – and trust – goes out the window. As a point of fact, CNN has recently started getting “news” from “iReporters” or unpaid people that witness a story first hand. That is a clever way of capitalizing on all of the new web grammar points, and I tend to trust the reports (CNN marks them vetted on their web site).

Another example, when Michael Jackson died unexpectedly, I read about it first on Twitter followed immediately by verifying it on CNN.com. Call me “old school” or “Gen X”, but I think social media makes it too easy for anyone to spread rumors. Important information needs corroboration and verification. In this context “important” is a relative term. To me important information is information that will affect my life or something I might hear at the proverbial water cooler. In either case I wont be caught with a dumb look on my face when someone informs me of the “facts.”

As yet another example, a rumor was started on Twitter with the hash tag, “RIP Kayne West”, after something happened to singer Kayne West. It trended to the top of Twitter’s top ten and stayed there even after it was proven false.

These examples tell me something I already knew. Readers build trust with their information sources. If they can’t trust a source then they will distrust that source.

These examples also show us that there is power in group-think or mob mentality when it comes to social media – more than traditional media – and that memes will find ways to sustain their braggadocian behavior by any means necessary. (Memes and braggadocians are terms I learned from this book.) It comes down to the speed of social media to spread information or disinformation. Both spread equally fast in any media, but social media is faster than traditional (news) media.

Influence

Once we trust an information source we’re more likely to be influenced by it, or more accurately, influenced by the information we get from it. At some point in this relationship we may loose sight of how much influence media has on us.

I  blogged before I bought Socialnomics that Twitter is influencing writing style. Actually, not just Twitter but most social media has – I would argue – adversely affected the way people write and think. In particular I noted:

The whole social media paradigm is based on terse, quick-to-publish bits of information. As a result we write in “leetspeak“, use shorter words, use micro-URL services (e.g. bit.ly), use “hash tags”, and write incomplete sentences.

I think the book confirms my theory. Qualman quoted a study done by the National Commission on Writing at the College Board: “38 percent [of students] have carried over IM or e-mail shortcuts such as LOL.” (p. 54)

In chapter 4, Qualman writes that President Obama’s success was largely due to YouTube and other social media outlets. One cannot deny that social media has influence with its users; however, I think it is important to keep this example in context. As of August 2009, Obama was 48 years old and McCain was 73 years old. Similarly, Bill Clinton was younger than G. H. W. Bush when he won the presidency. History shows us that younger voters vote for younger candidates. I believe Clinton and Obama used the media popular with young voters to speak to them. If YouTube was around in 1992, I’m sure Clinton would have used it to his advantage.

Social media is playing a part in the decline of traditional media. I wrote about an article on Yahoo news, Newspaper circulation drop accelerates, that talks about the decline in ad revenue because more companies are going to cheaper, faster ROI, Internet ads:

As more (young) people turn to the Internet for news and information, they are more involved, more engaged in the news; users are making the news. This is a sign of times to come – newspapers and news media are an endangered species – the Internet is the new news source and social media is the new printing press.

So, we’ve traded newspapers for computer screens, and now we’re the reporters. Social media may not be the only cause, but it certainly has been influential in moving us along. It’s compelling.

Another example of using star power and social media was the story about actor Ashton Kutcher challenging CNN to a Twitter popularity contest; first one to 1 million followers. His premise was that Twitter – and social media in general – is the new news source.

Lest we forget about the Twitter back channel. During SXSW 2008 the back channel took over a session and the host lost control. At HighEdWeb 2009 the back channel comments were so harsh and prolific during one particularly bad keynote presentation, the conference hash tag, #heweb09, trended into Twitter’s top ten. The term “harshtag” was being used to describe what was happening.

Needless to say social media influences us because we trust in it. We trust in the people using it. We trust the information that is made available through it. As part of a larger example, Qualman introduces the economic/marketing concepts of inside-out versus outside-in paradigms.

The inside-out approach is the old way where the company asks “How can we grow our database” of leads and send them mail (p. 172). The outside-in is the new way where the company asks “What do we have to offer” that customers want (p. 172). A smart company, in today’s social media driven world, uses the outside-in approach.  I think this relates trust to influence for the company’s economic gain: if the consumer trusts the message and thinks what the company is offering is valuable will they give up personal information.

Economics

Through trust and influence anything, including social media, can control our spending.

In chapter 6, “Death of Social Schizophrenia”, Qualman writes how we “Gen-Xers” have multiple faces that we put forth depending on the situation and how social media forces everyone to be more singular. The buzz word in social media is transparency, and Socialnomics talks about the impact transparency has on being honest with customers. It’s about having a conversation with them and building trust. It talks about having a singular message, being succinct, and being yourself or true to your company’s message.

One quote in particular is quite profound: “once you have determined your initial messaging strategy you have the ability to reevaluate and tweak it for relevancy based on feedback from the marketplace.” (p. 128)

I read this after I said something similar to the people at my job. We we’re in the midst of a campaign to launch a website and it had a survey visitors could submit. To paraphrase myself, I said we should evaluate the first wave of surveys and adjust our target audience accordingly. I think it is interesting that I said it before I read about it.

The idea of lightning-fast turn around time on changing strategy hasn’t quite made it to my job. We use Twitter to deliver news and listen to what people are saying about us, but we aren’t really engaged in conversation and our products/services aren’t getting tweaked as a result of these communications – yet. We take surveys and people’s opinions seriously though. The new site launch survey wasn’t our first and we looked at the results for making improvements. Survey data is more precious than gold for marketers and web developers alike.

Qualman brings up an apparent contradiction. He said in the begining of chapter 6 that social media is causing us to abandon our multiple social personalities and focus on one persona, but on page 131 he says, “The circle that you trust for recommending movies may be entirely different from the circle you trust for restaurant recommendations.” In other words we seek input and recommendation from different people or groups for different purposes. I had to read this a couple times to realize that consumers are becoming singularly faceted, but their networks, groups, cliches, whatever you call them, are diverging along specialties or interests. You may be saying, “duh”, but this is near revolutionary when you consider the way marketing used to work.

Early in chapter 6 he nailed it when he wrote that advertisers would spend millions of dollars on finding the next memorable catch phrase – especially during the Super Bowl. They were blasting out a message and hoping 1% stuck with consumers. Not only that but they might blast out multiple ads targeted at different people. In short they were being schizophrenic and trying to appeal to everyone.

We consumers were bathed in wave after wave of advertising campaigns. We became mass consumers. We might buy 2 of the same basic product from 2 different manufacturers (e.g. liquid soap at the bathroom sink and bar soap in the shower). We were  being schizophrenic because we bought into what ads sold us.

Today, you might still have 2 different soaps in your bathroom, but metaphorically speaking social media is changing why you have them. It isn’t because companies A and B drowned  you in ads so all you knew was soaps A and B. Now it’s more likely you read/hear a targeted ad on Facebook and maybe discuss the pros and cons with your friends that use that brand of soap. “Consumers today, in particular Millennials and Generation Zers don’t want to be shouted at [like in the 1980’s], they’d rather have conversations and steady ongoing relationships with companies.” (p.141)

Meanwhile, the soap company is keeping its ads simple and spending pennies for placement. They are also on Facebook to answer some questions, but mainly to provide space for customers and potential customers to talk about the soap or other products.

Here we see evidence of the new web grammar. Information such as reviews, comments and questions will grow on the Facebook wall of the soap company. Consumers can post videos of them using the product in a mock advertisement. This is the experiential content which is also self aware, uncontrollable content which gives consumers the power (information) to decide to buy or not. They can choose to “become a fan” of the page or leave. Other, potential customers, could be random voyeurs of the soap company’s Facebook wall. They read what others post or view the pictures. The fact that the soap company opens up space for anyone to contribute to the conversation enables ambient awareness and user-created context. Consumers and potential consumers alike read the posts and place the information in their own context. Once a sufficient amount of “content” (remember experience is content now)  is on the soap company’s Facebook wall, a pattern will emerge that makes consumers aware of the benefits (or risks) of the company’s products.

In chapter 7, “Winners and Losers in a 140-Character World,” Qualman gives examples of companies that have successfully (and unsuccessfully) used social media.

The first example is a success story about ESPN and their podcast, Fantasy Football Today. The hosts successfully leveraged sponsors by making them part of the content, and allowing listeners to help produce content (p.136). By doing this they didn’t run the risk of letting consumers strip out the advertising, and they keep the content fresh. That sounds like a chapter from the new web grammar – content is experience.

This example also showed a basic principle in the economics of social media. One sponsor was the movie Eagle Eye. The hosts would slip in references about the movie during the podcast. They were given free range to say what they wanted about the movie. This shows that if you allow consumers, or suppliers of your content, the freedom to give honest feedback, they will respect the message more than if you don’t listen or always claim to be right. “By pointing out your flaws, people will give more credence when you point out your strengths.”(p.138)

Qualman also points out another economic reality for sponsors in the social-media world, “The world around us is shifting from a model where marketers historically have supported content to one in which marketers and companies need to create their own content or seamlessly integrate with existing content.” (p.142)

On page 143, Qualman introduces the “Tom Sawyer approach” to getting content from readers/consumers. This is usually the opposite of a sweepstakes or prizes. Basically the Tom Sawyer approach is when you can make your content (or content container) so appealing that readers want to contribute content; doing the work for you. This approach also has the added bonus of fan loyalty: if they give you content they are less likely to produce content somewhere else. This eliminates competition for readers or consumers.


This is a review of the book written by Erik Qualman, Socialnomics: how social media transforms the way we live and do business (Hoboken,NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009)

Twitter CEO Evan Williams @ SXSW

This is old news, but Evan Williams announced @anywhere – a new Twitter service – at SXSW keynote on Monday. From what the KXAN reporter said it sounds like people weren’t thrilled with what Williams had to say. We all knew about @anywhere before today and an announcement at SXSW is like retelling a news story a day later.

Williams debuted Twitter’s new @anywhere service, which boasts better user integration with Twitter on 13 various Web sites like The New York Times and Yahoo.

…But many people went back into the world leaving the presentation not caring much for what Twitter’s CEO had to say. Twitter was buzzing with disappointment Monday after the talk. Source: Twitter co-founder speaks at SXSW|KXAN.com

What the reporter failed to note was the mob-style backchannel SXSW has become know for. From Gawker.com it sounds like people were more than disappointed, they were ready to throw things.

This year’s victim: Umair Haque, the Harvard wonk whose interview with Twitter’s CEO just turned into a virtual stoning. Source: Vicious Techies Devour Another Victim|gawker.com

AT&T Versus 15,000 Data-Crazed Velociraptors

Source: The Real War At SXSW: AT&T Versus 15,000 Data-Crazed Velociraptors | TechCrunch

AT&T’s struggles to stay up last year are well-documented. CNN recently ran a piece about how AT&T hopes to avoid a similar fate this year. But actually, “struggles” is way too kind of a word.

I must be psychic or something. TechCrunch ran this article yesterday, at the same time I wrote Buzzwords for SXSWi and CNET ran theirs. They also wrote an article on March 9, about Location Wars.

When 15,000 people are trying to use 3G in downtown Austin things get “a little” dicey. My co-worker at SXSW said he heard that AT&T would step it up this year. So far he’s sending tweets, but I don’t know if he’s on their network or not.

This topic is so hot that it’s trending on Twitter, at least until they crash Austin’s network or Twitter.

Buzzwords for SXSWi 2010: Geolocation, Check In

I wont be at SXSW this year, but I’ll be able to find my tweeple there. Two companies, Foursquare and Gowalla, plan to push geolocation at this year’s SXSW Interactive Festival.

Eighteen months ago, neither Gowalla nor Foursquare existed. But their similar “geolocation” mobile apps, which let users “check in” from their smartphones, share their location with their friends, and compete to earn virtual goods (in Gowalla) and “badges” (in Foursquare), are two of the hottest start-ups in the tech world. They’re in aggressive competition to be SXSWi’s big standout, making the digital-culture bonanza’s Texas-sized showmanship even bigger than usual. Source: SXSWi: Let the geolocation games begin | CNET News.

Geolocating apps were present at last year’s SXSW, but they were more beta tests than full scale applications. As big as I may make it, these two startups are the only players in the game. Some of the heavy weights are looking seriously at geolocation for targeting ads and other applications.

Geolocation is unlike anything the Web has ever seen, but it’s likely that the rush to dominate the space will pan out in a way similar to any other big development in social media. We’ve seen (and in some cases continue to see) the personal Web page wars, the blog platform wars, the social-network wars, the real-time-streaming wars, and the social-gaming wars. Like its predecessors, the geolocation wars will see major, complicated privacy concerns. There will be more hand-wringing from start-ups who don’t believe it when a company like Facebook (presumably) says they don’t want to snuff out third-party services. There will be poorly spent venture capital and ad dollars. And eventually, there will be winners.

But for now, Foursquare and Gowalla can enjoy their week of attention at SXSWi, giving out free T-shirts, turning on the taps at open bars, and wooing potential marketing partners. Their executives can get a little drunk, and it probably won’t matter; in the long run, a week in Austin won’t mean much. Source: In geolocation wars, SXSWi is mere skirmish | CNET News.

So, I’ll search for the hastags #sxswi and #geoloco, and I’ll follow @gowalla and @foursquare, but I have a feeling something else will rawk the SXSWi world. Check in and stay tuned.

Why do you tweet?

I saw a tweet from @Robin2go which had a hashtag, #psutlt. I looked up the hashtag, trying to find what she was talking about, and I found another tweet by @jeffswain talking about “Why do you tweet?” with the same hashtag. Jeff also has a blog, five-4-six,where he posted the same video. Here is my response.

Why do you tweet?

This is such a simple question but everyone finds it impossible to simply answer. It’s like asking why do you talk to people or why do you listen to people.

I tweet to and talk with and listen to people – like you Jeff – that I’ve never met but with whom I have something in common. I think of tweeting like a constant conversation taking place on the internet and twitter users can choose to join or listen. I think there is a little more transparency with twitter than with instant messages. So, I, like a lot of people, have more personal conversations on twitter.

I started my twitter account in October 2008. I didn’t really commit to tweeting until March 2009 at SXSW. It seemed like everyone there had an iPhone and was on twitter. I was actually blogging my notes from the conference and I found a nice API that would tweet my blog posts. So that why I started tweeting.

In October 2009, I went to HighEdWeb, and again everyone had an iPhone or a laptop, and it seemed like everyone was tweeting – constantly. I started reading the hashtags in tweets from the conference and putting a face with the presenters I was hearing. I realized then that they are people like me and twitter is another tool – like instant messengers – that we can use to have conversations. I also realized the difference from AIM is that twitter is a many-to-many conversation. The only limitation on how many people you can talk to is how many people follow you. Since HighEdWeb I’ve followed lots of people from the conference and we have shared several ideas about higher education.